Retrofit: Energy-saving or energy-generation?

Just published : our research into the optimal balanced materials package for 0-energy building retrofiit, ZEB . As previous exploring research already showed regarding renovation for row house: better insulate less and add some more PV panels. (B in left graph) . In other words, passivehouse is not the optimal choice from materials perspective in case of 0-energy and beyond. The operational energy in all cases is not relevant since all cases are ZEB: its the materials input that determines the most optimal solution, since that is the fossil energy based impact remaining for a ZEB. This paper shows the results for row houses and detached houses, both calculated for 4 alternative packages.

Preparation of Articles for the Symposium Report Preparation of Articles for the Symposium Report

Ritzen,M., Haagen T., Rovers R., Vroon Z., Geurts C., Environmental impact evaluation of energy saving and energy generation: Case study for two Dutch dwelling types Building and Environment, Volume 108, 1 November 2016, Pages 73–84

for some backround on the MAXergy methodology , visit

for some background on the new situation for building evaluations after eliminating operational energy impact, see Rovers R., Zero-Energy and beyond: a paradigm Shift in assessment, Buildings, 5 (1) (2014), p. 1-13